Sunday, January 3, 2016

3rd Chapter 38th Sloka

धूमेनाव्रियते वह्निर्यथादर्शो मलेन च ।
यथोल्बेनावृतो गर्भस्तथा तेनेदमावृतम् ॥३.३८॥

dhūmenāvriyate vahniryathādarśo malena ca |
yatholbenāvṛto garbhastathā tenedamāvṛtam ||3.38||


धूमेन 3/1 आव्रियते III/1 वह्निः 1/1 यथा 0 आदर्शः 1/1 मलेन 3/1 0
यथा 0 उल्बेन 3/1 आवृतः 1/1 गर्भः 1/1 तथा 0 तेन 3/1 इदम् 1/1 आवृतम् 1/1 ॥३.३८॥


·         धूमेन [dhūmena] = by smoke = धूम (m.) + कर्तरि 3/1
·         आव्रियते [āvriyate] = is covered = आङ् + वृ (5U) to cover + लट्/कर्मणि/III/1
·         वह्निः [vahniḥ] = fire = वह्नि (m.) + 1/1
·         यथा [yathā] = as = अव्ययम्
·         आदर्शः [ādarśaḥ] = mirror = आदर्श (m.) + 1/1
·         मलेन [malena] = by dust = मल (m.) + कर्तरि 3/1
·         [ca] = and = अव्ययम्
·         यथा [yathā] = as = अव्ययम्
·         उल्बेन [ulbena] = by womb = उल्ब (n.) + कर्तरि 3/1
·         आवृतः [āvṛtaḥ] = covered = आवृत (m.) + 1/1
o   आङ् + वृ (5U) to cover + क्त
·         गर्भः [garbhaḥ] = fetus = गर्भ (m.) + 1/1
·         तथा [tathā] = so too = अव्ययम्
·         तेन [tena] = by that (enemy, desire) = तद् (pron. m.) + कर्तरि 3/1
·         इदम् [idam] = this (knowledge) = इदम् (pron. n.) + 1/1
·         आवृतम् [āvṛtam] = covered = आवृत (n.) + 1/1


Just as the fire is covered by clouds of smoke, just as a mirror is covered by dust, and just as a fetus is covered by the womb, so too, knowledge is covered by desire .

Sentence 1:
यथा 0 वह्निः 1/1 धूमेन 3/1 आव्रियते III/1, यथा 0 आदर्शः 1/1 मलेन 3/1 0 (आव्रियते III/1)
यथा 0 गर्भः 1/1 उल्बेन 3/1 आवृतः 1/1 (आव्रियते III/1), तथा 0 इदम् 1/1 तेन 3/1 आवृतम् 1/1 ॥३.३८॥
Just as (यथा 0) the fire (वह्निः 1/1) is covered (आव्रियते III/1) by clouds of smoke (धूमेन 3/1), just as (यथा 0) a mirror (आदर्शः 1/1) is covered (आव्रियते III/1) by dust (मलेन 3/1), and ( 0) just as (यथा 0) a fetus (गर्भः 1/1) is covered (आवृतः 1/1) by the womb (उल्बेन 3/1), so too (तथा 0), knowledge (इदम् 1/1) is covered (आवृतम् 1/1) by desire  (तेन 3/1).



कथम् 0 वैरी 1/1इति 0 दृष्टान्तैः 3/3 प्रत्याययति III/1 --
धूमेन 3/1 सहजेन 3/1 आव्रियते III/1 वह्निः 1/1 प्रकाशात्मकः 1/1 अप्रकाशात्मकेन 3/1, यथा 1/1 वा 0 आदर्श 1/1 मलेन 3/1 0, यथा 0 उल्बेन 3/1 0 जरायुणा 3/1 गर्भवेष्टनेन 3/1 आवृतः 1/1 आच्छादितः 1/1 गर्भः 1/1 तथा 0 तेन 3/1 इदम् 1/1 आवृतम् 1/1

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