Tuesday, March 8, 2016

5th Chapter 2nd Sloka



श्रीभगवान् उवाच ।
सन्न्यासः कर्मयोगश्च निःश्रेयसकरावुभौ ।
तयोस्तु कर्मसन्न्यासात् कर्मयोगो विशिष्यते ॥५.२॥

śrībhagavān uvāca |
sannyāsaḥ karmayogaśca niḥśreyasakarāvubhau |
tayostu karmasannyāsāt karmayogo viśiṣyate ||5.2||

श्रीभगवान् 1/1 उवाच III/1
सन्न्यासः 1/1 कर्मयोगः 1/1 0 निःश्रेयसकरौ 1/2 उभौ 1/2
तयोः 6/2 तु 0 कर्मसन्न्यासात् 5/1 कर्मयोगः 1/1 विशिष्यते III/1 ॥५.२॥

·         श्रीभगवान् [śrībhagavān] = Bhagavān = भगवत् (m.) + कर्तरि to उवाच 1/1
o   श्रिया सहित भगवान् श्रीभगवान् ।
o   भगः अस्य अस्ति इति भगवान् ।
·         उवाच [uvāca] = said = वच् (2P) to say + लिट्/कर्तरि/III/1

·         सन्न्यासः [sannyāsaḥ] = renunciation (of action) = सन्न्यास (m.) + 1/1
·         कर्मयोगः [karmayogaḥ] = performance of aciton (as yoga) = कर्मयोग (m.) + 1/1
·         [ca] = and = अव्ययम्
·         निःश्रेयसकरौ [niḥśreyasakarau] = those which lead to liberation = निःश्रेयसकर (m.) + 1/2
o   निःश्रेयसं कुरुतः इति निःश्रेयसकरौ (UT)
·         उभौ [ubahu] = both = उभ (pron. m.) + 1/2
·         तयोः [tayoḥ] = of them = तद् (pron. m.) + 6/2
·         तु [tu] = but = अव्ययम्
·         कर्मसन्न्यासात् [karmasannyāsāt] = than renunciation of action = कर्मसन्न्यास (m.) + 5/1
·         कर्मयोगः [karmayogaḥ] = performance of aciton (as yoga) = कर्मयोग (m.) + 1/1
·         विशिष्यते [viśiṣyate] = is better = वि + शिष् (7P) to distinguish + लट्/कर्मणि/III/1


Śrī Bhagavān said:
Both renunciation (of action) and performance of action as yoga lead to liberation. But, of these two, the performance of action as yoga is betteer than renunciation of action.


Sentence 1:
श्रीभगवान् 1/1 उवाच III/1
Śrī Bhagavān (श्रीभगवान् 1/1) said (उवाच III/1).

Sentence 2:
उभौ 1/2 सन्न्यासः 1/1 कर्मयोगः 1/1 0 निःश्रेयसकरौ 1/2
Both (उभौ 1/2) renunciation (of action) (सन्न्यासः 1/1) and ( 0) performance of action as yoga (कर्मयोगः 1/1) lead to liberation (निःश्रेयसकरौ 1/2).


Sentence 3:
तयोः 6/2 तु 0 कर्मसन्न्यासात् 5/1 कर्मयोगः 1/1 विशिष्यते III/1 ॥५.२॥
But (तु 0), of these two (तयोः 6/2), the performance of action as yoga (कर्मयोगः 1/1) is betteer (विशिष्यते III/1) than renunciation of action (कर्मसन्न्यासात् 5/1).


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