Saturday, March 19, 2016

5th Chapter 12th Sloka



युक्तः कर्मफलं त्यक्त्वा शान्तिमाप्नोति नैष्ठिकीम् ।
अयुक्तः कामकारेण फले सक्तो निबध्यते ॥५.१२॥

yuktaḥ karmaphalaṃ tyaktvā śāntimāpnoti naiṣṭhikīm |
ayuktaḥ kāmakāreṇa phale sakto nibadhyate ||5.12||


युक्तः 1/1 कर्मफलम् 2/1 त्यक्त्वा 0 शान्तिम् 2/1 आप्नोति III/1 नैष्ठिकीम् 2/1
अयुक्तः 1/1 कामकारेण 3/1 फले 7/1 सक्तः 1/1 निबध्यते III/1 ॥५.१२॥


·         युक्तः [yuktaḥ] = one who is endowed with karma yoga = युक्त (m.) + कर्तरि to आप्नोति 1/1
·         कर्मफलम् [karmaphalam] = result of action = कर्मफल (n.) + कर्मणि to त्यक्त्वा 2/1
·         त्यक्त्वा [tyaktvā] = giving up = अव्ययम्
o   ज्यज् + क्त्वा
·         शान्तिम् [śāntim] = composure = शान्ति (f.) + कर्मणि to आप्नोति 2/1
·         आप्नोति [āpnoti] = gains = आप् (5P) to gain + लट्/कर्तरि/III/1
·         नैष्ठिकीम् [naiṣṭhikīm] = born of a commitment to a life of karma-yoga = नैष्ठिकी (f.) + adj. to शान्तिम् 2/1
o   निष्ठायां भवा नैष्ठिकी । Born of the commitment
o   निष्ठा + ङस् + ठक्
निष्ठा + इक                     तस्येकः।
नैष्ठ् + इक                       आदिवृद्धिः, यस्येति च।
नैष्ठिक् + ङीप्                  4.1.15, यस्येति च।
·         अयुक्तः [ayuktaḥ] = one who is not endowed with karma yoga = अयुक्त (m.) + कर्तरि to आप्नोति 1/1
·         कामकारेण [kāmakāreṇa] = by desire = कामकार (m.) + करणे to कुर्वन्ति 3/1
o   कामस्य कारः कामकारः (6T)।
·         फले [phale] = in result = फल (n.) + अधिकरणे 7/1
·         सक्तः [saktaḥ] = one who is attached = सक्त (m.) + adj. to अयुक्तः 1/1
·         निबध्यते [nibadhyate] = is bound = नि + बध् (1A) to bind + लट्/कर्मणि/III/1


The one who is endowed with (karma yoga), giving up the result of action, gains a composure born of a commitment to a life of karma yoga. (Whereas) one who is not committed to a life of karma yoga, led by desire, is bound, (being) attached to the result (of action).


Sentence 1:
युक्तः 1/1 कर्मफलम् 2/1 त्यक्त्वा 0 नैष्ठिकीम् 2/1 शान्तिम् 2/1 आप्नोति III/1
The one who is endowed with (karma yoga) (युक्तः 1/1), giving up (त्यक्त्वा 0) the result of action (कर्मफलम् 2/1), gains (आप्नोति III/1) a composure (शान्तिम् 2/1) born of a commitment to a life of karma yoga (नैष्ठिकीम् 2/1).


Sentence 2:
अयुक्तः 1/1 कामकारेण 3/1 फले 7/1 सक्तः 1/1 निबध्यते III/1 ॥५.१२॥
 (Whereas) one who is not committed to a life of karma yoga (अयुक्तः 1/1), led by desire (कामकारेण 3/1), is bound (निबध्यते III/1), (being) attached (सक्तः 1/1) to the result (of action) (फले 7/1).

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