Saturday, March 12, 2016

5th Chapter 5th Sloka



यत्साङ्‍ख्यैः प्राप्यते स्थानं तद्योगैरपि गम्यते ।
एकं साङ्‍ख्यं च योगं च यः पश्यति स पश्यति ॥५.५॥

yatsāṅ-khyaiḥ prāpyate sthānaṃ tadyogairapi gamyate |
ekaṃ sāṅ-khyaṃ ca yogaṃ ca yaḥ paśyati sa paśyati ||5.5||

यत् 1/1 साङ्‍ख्यैः 3/3 प्राप्यते III/1 स्थानम् 1/1 तत् 1/1 योगैः 3/3 अपि 0 गम्यते III/1
एकम् 2/1 साङ्‍ख्यम् 2/1 0 योगम् 2/1 0 यः 1/1 पश्यति III/1 सः 1/1 पश्यति III/1 ॥५.५॥


·         यत्  [yat] = that which = यद् (pron. n.) + 1/1
·         साङ्ख्यैः [sāṅkhyaiḥ] = by the sannyāsins = साङ्ख्य (m.) + 3/3
·         प्राप्यते [prāpyate] = is gained = प्र + आप् (5P) to gain + लट्/कर्मणि/III/1
·         स्थानम् [sthānam] = the goal = स्थान (n.) + 1/1
·         तत्  [tat] = that = तद् (pron. n.) + 1/1
·         योगैः [yogaiḥ] = by the karma-yogins = योग (m.) + 3/3
·         अपि [api] = also = अव्ययम्
·         गम्यते [gamyate] = is gained = गम् (1P) to reach + लट्/कर्मणि/III/1
·         एकम् [ekam] = one = एक (pron. m.) + 2/1
·         साङ्ख्यम् [sāṅkhyam] = knowledge = साङ्ख्य (m.) + 2/1
·         [ca] = and = अव्ययम्
·         योगम् [yogam] = karma-yoga = योग (m.) + 2/1
·         [ca] = and = अव्ययम्
·         यः [yaḥ] = one who = यद् (pron. m.) + 1/1
·         पश्यति [paśyati] = sees = दृश् (1P) to see + लट्/कर्तरि/III/1
·         सः [saḥ] = he = तद् (pron. m.) + 1/1
·         पश्यति [paśyati] = sees = दृश् (1P) to see + लट्/कर्तरि/III/1


The end (mokṣa) that is gained by the sannyāsins is also reached by the karma yogins. The one who sees knowledge and karma yoga as one, that person (alone) sees (the truth).


Sentence 1:
यत् 1/1 स्थानम् 1/1 साङ्‍ख्यैः 3/3 प्राप्यते III/1 तत् 1/1 योगैः 3/3 अपि 0 गम्यते III/1
The end (mokṣa) (स्थानम् 1/1) that (यत् 1/1) is gained (प्राप्यते III/1) by the sannyāsins (साङ्‍ख्यैः 3/3) is also (तत् 1/1 अपि 0) reached (गम्यते III/1) by the karma yogins (योगैः 3/3).

Sentence 2:
यः 1/1 साङ्‍ख्यम् 2/1 0 योगम् 2/1 0 एकम् 2/1 पश्यति III/1 सः 1/1 पश्यति III/1 ॥५.५॥
The one who (यः 1/1) sees () knowledge (साङ्‍ख्यम् 2/1) and ( 0) karma-yoga (योगम् 2/1) as one (एकम् 2/1), that person (सः 1/1) (alone) sees (पश्यति III/1) (the truth).

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