Thursday, March 12, 2015

2nd Chapter 19th Sloka

य एनं वेत्ति हन्तारं यश्चैनं मन्यते हतम् ।
उभौ तौ न विजानीतो नायं हन्ति न हन्यते ॥२.१९॥

ya enaṃ vetti hantāraṃ yaścainaṃ manyate hatam |
ubhau tau na vijānīto nāyaṃ hanti na hanyate ||2.19||

यः 1/1 एनम् 2/1 वेत्ति III/1 हन्तारम् 2/1 यः 1/1 0 एनम् 2/1 मन्यते III/1 हतम् 2/1
उभौ 1/2 तौ 1/2 0 विजानीतः III/2 0 अयम् 1/1 हन्ति III/1 0 हन्यते III/1 ॥२.१९॥

·         यः [yaḥ] = the one who = यद् (pron. m.) + 1/1
·         एनम् [enam] = this [ātmā] = इदम् (pron. m.) + 2/1
o   इदम्-शब्दस्य अन्वादेशः
o   अन्वादेश is an alternative form of pronoun इदम् and एतद् which have been used in one sentence and again used in another sentence.
·         वेत्ति [vetti] = knows = विद् (2P) to know + लट्/कर्तरि/III/1
·         हन्तारम् [hantāram] = one who kills = हन्तृ (m.) + 2/1
o   हन् to kill + तृच् (agent)
·         यः [yaḥ] = the one who = यद् (pron. m.) + 1/1
·         [ca] = and = अव्ययम्
·         एनम् [enam] = this [आत्मा] = इदम् (pron. m.) + 2/1
·         मन्यते [manyate] = consider = मन् (4A) to consider + लट्/कर्तरि/III/1
·         हतम् [hatam] = one who is killed = हत (m.) + 2/1
o   हन् to kill + क्त (object)
·         उभौ [ubhau] = both = उभ (pron. m.) + 1/2
·         तौ [tau] = they = तद् (pron. m.) + 1/2
·         [na] = do not = अव्ययम्
·         विजानीतः [vijānītaḥ] = they two know = वि + ज्ञा (9P) to know + लट्/कर्तरि/III/2
·         [na] = do not = अव्ययम्
·         अयम् [ayam] = this [ātmā] = इदम् (pron. m.) + 1/1
·         हन्ति [hanti] =  हन् (2P) to kill + लट्/कर्तरि/III/1
·         [na] = do not = अव्ययम्
·         हन्यते [hanyate] =  हन् (2P) to kill + लट्/कर्मणि/III/1


Subordinate Sentence 1:
यः 1/1 एनम् 2/1 हन्तारम् 2/1 वेत्ति III/1
The one who (यः 1/1) knows (वेत्ति III/1) this [ātmā] (एनम् 2/1) to be the killer (हन्तारम् 2/1),

Subordinate Sentence 2:
यः 1/1 0 एनम् 2/1 हतम् 2/1 मन्यते III/1
And ( 0) the one who (यः 1/1) considers (मन्यते III/1) this [ātmā] (एनम् 2/1) to be the killed (हतम् 2/1),

Main Sentence 1:
तौ 1/2 उभौ 1/2 0 विजानीतः III/2
They (तौ 1/2) both (उभौ 1/2) do not ( 0) know (विजानीतः III/2).

Main Sentence 2:
अयम् 1/1 0 हन्ति III/1
This [ātmā] (अयम् 1/1) does not ( 0) kill (हन्ति III/1).

Main Sentence 2:
[अयम् 1/1] 0 हन्यते III/1 ॥२.१९॥
This [ātmā] (अयम् 1/1) is not ( 0) killed (हन्यते III/1).


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