Saturday, March 14, 2015

2nd Chapter 20th Sloka

न जायते म्रियते वा कदाचिन्नायं भूत्वा भविता न भूयः ।
अजो नित्यः शाश्वतोऽयं पुराणो न हन्यते हन्यमाने शरीरे ॥२.२०॥

na jāyate mriyate vā kadācinnāyaṃ bhūtvā bhavitā na bhūyaḥ |
ajo nityaḥ śāśvato'yaṃ purāṇo na hanyate hanyamāne śarīre ||2.20||

0 जायते III/1 म्रियते III/1 वा 0 कदाचित् 0 0 अयम् 1/1 भूत्वा 0 अभविता 1/1 0 भूयः 0
अजः 1/1 नित्यः 1/1 शाश्वतः 1/1 अयम् 1/1 पुराणः 1/1 0 हन्यते III/1 हन्यमाने 7/1 शरीरे 7/1 ॥२.२०॥

·         [na] = do not = अव्ययम्
·         जायते [jāyate] =  जन् (4A) to be born + लट्/कर्तरि/III/1
·         म्रियते [mriyate] =  मृ (6A) to die + लट्/कर्तरि/III/1
·         वा [vā] = or = अव्ययम्
·         कदाचित् [kadācit] = anytime = अव्ययम्
·         [na] = do not = अव्ययम्
·         अयम् [ayam] = this [ātmā] = इदम् (pron. m.) + 1/1
·         भूत्वा [bhūtvā] = having been = अव्ययम्
·         अभविता [abhavitā] = one who is not = अभवितृ (m.) + 1/1
o   भू to be + तृच् agent = भवितृ one who is
o   न भविता इति अभविता ।
·         अजः [ajaḥ] = one who has no birth = अज (m.) + 1/1
·         नित्यः [nityaḥ] = one who is not within time = नित्य (m.) + 1/1
·         शाश्वतः [śāśvataḥ] = one who undergoes no change = शाश्वत (m.) + 1/1
·         अयम् [ayam] = this [ātmā] = इदम् (pron. m.) + 1/1
·         पुराणः [purāṇaḥ] = one who has ever new = पुराण (m.) + 1/1
·         [na] = do not = अव्ययम्
·         हन्यते [hanyate] = is killed =  हन् (2P) to kill + लट्/कर्मणि/III/1
·         हन्यमाने [hanyamāne] = being killed = हन्यमान (n.) + सति 7/1
·         शरीरे [śarīre] = the body = शरीर (n.) + सति 7/1


Sentence 1:
अयम् 1/1 0 जायते III/1
This [self] (अयम् 1/1) is not ( 0) born (जायते III/1).

Sentence 2:
[अयम् 1/1] 0 वा 0 म्रियते III/1
Or, this [self] (अयम् 1/1) never ( 0) dies (म्रियते III/1).

Sentence 3:
 [अयम् 1/1] भूत्वा 0 भूयः 0 अभविता 1/1 0 कदाचित् 0 [भवति III /1]
This [self] (अयम् 1/1) having being (भूत्वा 0), does not ( 0) become (भवति III /1) non-existent (अभविता 1/1) again (भूयः 0) at any time (कदाचित् 0).

Sentence 4:
अयम् 1/1 अजः 1/1 नित्यः 1/1 शाश्वतः 1/1 पुराणः 1/1 शरीरे 7/1 हन्यमाने 7/1 0 हन्यते III/1
॥२.२०॥
This [self] (अयम् 1/1) is unborn (अजः 1/1), eternal (नित्यः 1/1), undergoes no change whatsoever (शाश्वतः 1/1), and is ever new (पुराणः 1/1). When the body (शरीरे 7/1) is destroyed (हन्यमाने 7/1), it is not ( 0) destroyed (हन्यते III/1).


This (self) is never born; nor does it die. It is not that, having been, it ceases to exist again. This (self) is unborn, eternal, undergoes no change whatsoever, and is ever new. When the body is destroyed, it is not destroyed.

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